The great jusphilosopher Clóvis Beviláqua, the name of squares and streets in Brazil, was the author of our first Civil Code. A work promulgated in 1916 and in force until January 2002.
In the article of the Code on the absolute incapacity of the natural person for the valid practice of acts of civil life, Clovis, —in the face of terminological difficulty among consulted psychiatrists and students of madness—, coined, for civil law, a comprehensive expression: ” crazy people of all kinds”.
Crazy people of all kinds were absolutely incapable and were represented by curators.
In light of this prediction of the old Civil Code, it is easy to conclude that Bolsonaro is crazy of some kind.
In the history of Brazil, two presidents of the Republic, —heads of state and government—, can be considered insane, madmen of some kind.
Delfim Moreira was the first mentally disturbed to be sworn in, with presidential sash and all.
President from 1918 to 1919, Delfim Moreira experienced, during his buffer term as president of the Republic, crises of absence and muffled acts of explicit madness. For example, as historians and those who lived behind the scenes say, it is common for him to interrupt meetings. And that to open and close doors, imagining someone knocked to get in.
Delfim Moreira, then, opened and closed doors countless times, as if looking for someone waiting to enter the meeting room. He was sometimes outside, sometimes inside. He can even imagine the scene and the astonishment of the bystanders.
At times, Delfim Moreira’s agenda did not register solemnities and he would usually appear covered with enduring decorations and medals, totally disconnected from reality and not knowing where he was and who he was talking to.
Delfim Moreira, when he was mentally healthy, was a lawyer graduated from the University of São Paulo (Largo de São Francisco), an active politician and governor of Minas Gerais (1914-1918).
He was mentally compromised when he assumed, as the vice president-elect, the place of Rodrigues Alves. Rodrigo Alves never took office. He died in a modest townhouse in Rio de Janeiro affected by the the flu Spanish.
Today named after an avenue in Rio de Janeiro and the trendy neighborhood of Leblon, Delfim Moreira took office in the vacant presidency of the Republic and designated elections, as determined by the Constitution.
During his short term as president and as a result of the mental illness that caused blackouts, Delfim Moreira was protected, in secrecy, by ministers, because the election was close and new facts with the potential to disrupt the political-institutional life of the country did not suit. .
As the café au lait policy (São Paulo-Minas) had broken down, the election of Epitácio Pessoa (1919-1922) took place in the succession sequence.
The second insane president — and all you need to do is have eyes to see and minimal perspicacity to understand —, this is Jair Bolsonaro (PL). Its incoherence, aggressiveness, persecutory delusions, show, adapting the aforementioned term from Clóvis Beviláqua, that we are facing—as already mentioned above—a madman of some kind.
At the moment, Bolsonaro is trying to turn the Independence bicentennial festivities into a political-coup event.
Bolsonaro is summoning the people. Not for the important national date, but for political support, a coup plotter, as he tried on last September 7, on Avenida Paulista.
To use a popular expression, “it drove her crazy.” Or, as some political scientists estimate, despair struck.
Bolsonaro announced, —without agreeing with the mayor of Rio—, a military parade on the edge of Copacabana, next September 7.
In his frenzy, he must be thinking about the historic movement that became known as the uprising of the “18 do Forte de Copacabana”. Design how to take advantage, stir, create instability and lie.
The Copacabana Fort 18 episode was bloody. It began on July 5, 1922, the year of the first centenary of independence.
For many historians, it was the beginning of the “Lieutenant” movement. “Tenentismo” inspired the creation of Coluna Prestes
The aforementioned movement of the “18 of the Copacabana Fort” was opened with a cannon shot. It was the sign of seeking military adhesions to the coup. The only support response was that of the Escola Militar do Realengo.
This rebel military movement aimed to end the Old Republic, with the elections always rigged (there was no Electoral Justice, created by law only in 1932 and provided for in the Constitution of 34), rampant corruption, etc. The immediate goal was to overthrow President Epitácio Pessoa and prevent the inauguration of Arthur Bernardes, elected in March 1922 (the inauguration took place in October 1922).
The changes intended by the tenentista movement would be imposed by authoritarianism, that is, a coup d’état. No vote, just constitutional rupture. As the late jurist and writer Raymundo Faoro sharply observed, the lieutenants would use “an authoritarian”, dictatorial instrument, to overthrow the regime.
The uprising was quelled. Copacabana Fort surrounded and bombed. Of the 18 leaders, only two survived: Siqueira Campos and Eduardo Gomes.
In his active life in the Brazilian Army, Bolsonaro had the rank of lieutenant of artillery. And he left the Army through the back door, after a noisy disciplinary process.
As an active duty officer, Bolsonaro had a crazy and inhuman plan in mind. He intended to bomb the army’s ammunition magazines and dynamit the Gandu River, which supplies drinking water to the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. This to protest and press for better pay. His goal was the uniform pocket.
This greed of Bolsonaro became known again when he started to promote, in his federal deputy’s office, the so-called “crack”, which, technically, is a crime of embezzlement.
There is no possible comparison between Bolsonaro and the naive and young military. They entrenched themselves in the historic uprising of the fort of Copacabana, moved by a nationalist spirit, not democratic and much less republican.
Bolsonaro has in mind, on September 7, selfishness. To remain in power at any cost. He doesn’t care about the pantagruélica rejection, the high disapproval of his government. He is not shaken by the fact that he has placed Brazil in the position of an international pariah.
Indeed, not even with the arts of the mythological Procrustes can he be compared to the rebels of the “18th of the Fort of Copacabana”.