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The Ministry of Public healthwithin the framework of the World Antimicrobial Awareness Weekwarned that the indiscriminate use of antibioticsantiparasitics and antivirals has become a global problem that triggers in endurance to these drugs, preventing them from effectively fighting the bacteria in the body.

This year, the motto chosen is “Let’s prevent antimicrobial resistance together”.

The Director of Epidemiology, Ronald Skewesexplained that a endurance a antibiotics it can trigger longer illnesses, thus increasing the cost of hospitalizations with longer stays in health centers, they can also cause disability and deaths.

He also indicated that patients with diseases such as HIV or tuberculosis are more likely to create bliss endurance because they already have a compromised immune system.

80% of the countries in the region offer the free sale of antibiotics without a prescription“and the Dominican Republic is no exception,” said the doctor.

“People need to be made aware of the proper use of medications,” added Skewes.

For his part, the representative of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Oliver Ronveauxpointed out that for the year 2019, five million deaths in the world were associated with the endurance antimicrobial, cataloging this problem as one of the ten health threats facing humanity.

Regarding its economic impact, the World Bank estimates that, in light impact areas, 1.1% of the world Gross Domestic Product (GDP) would be needed to deal with it, and in high impact areas, 3.8%.

control plan

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Health authorities participating in the act. (KELVIN RIVAS)

By 2023, Public health seeks to establish a regulatory program that controls the free sale of antibioticssince the ideal is that these drugs are used under the strict criteria of a doctor.

This initiative has its roots in the 2015 World Health Convention and seeks with this national plan to create the framework for progress in this regard.

In this regard, the Vice Minister of Collective Health, eladio perezsaid “for years, this control plan has been devised”.

He explained that one of the main causes for the creation of endurance to the antibiotics is not taking the treatment within the indicated periods. Added to this is the use of antibiotics to treat diseases that do not require it, citing the example of a sore throat that the patient treats with ampicillin or amoxicillin without consulting a specialist.

A viral infection is not treated with antibiotics”, specified the deputy minister.

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Pérez made a comparison on how the misuse of medicines has affected the creation of endurance.

In the case of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, it was previously treated with ciprofloxacin, but today the endurance to this drug increased by 8% to 92%, losing effectiveness almost completely.

Klebsiella infections, a bacterium that causes urinary tract and biliary tract infections, began to register a 79.4% when treated with antibioticswhen previously, only 4% of the treatments were ineffective.

Likewise, the vice minister asked to take care of the use of antibiotics in animals and be careful how you dispose of these medicines, since their residues can end up in the ocean, affecting flora and fauna.

The act to raise awareness about self-medication with antibiotics had the support of Rosario Gómez Javier on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture; Edisson Félix from the National Health Service (SNS); Mario Uffre, dean of the Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD), among other personalities. Dr. Senén Caba, president of the Dominican Medical College, was on the guest list, but he did not show up.

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