The Islamic JihadWhite of bombing Israelis in the Gaza Strip since Friday, is a Palestinian organization founded in 1981, backed by Iran and committed to armed resistance against the Jewish state.
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Created by students of the Islamic University of Gazais seen as close to the Islamist movement Hamas, which governs the Palestinian enclave since 2007.
The two groups, supported by Iran – Israel’s number 1 enemy – are linked to muslim brothersmovement founded on Egypt in the 20th century.
The Islamic Jihad operates mainly in Loopbut the group also has a presence in West BankPalestinian territory occupied by Israel since 1967.
The Israeli government claims that the Relations between the Palestinian group and Iran have become closer.
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“The leader of the Islamic Jihad (Ziad al Najala) is found in Tehran right now”Israeli Prime Minister said on Saturday Yair Lapid.
Meanwhile, his country’s army continued to bombard Loop in the framework of a “preemptive strike” against that armed group.
Israel has stated that it was anticipating possible retaliation for the detention in West Bank of one of its managers a few days before.
The general Hossein Salami, chief of the Revolutionary Guardsthe ideological army of the iranian republiche assured the leader of the Islamic Jihad that the palestinians “they are not alone” in their fight against Israel.
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In 1992, the armed wing of Islamic Jihad was foundedthe brigades Al Quds. The organization was led by Fathi Chakaki until 1995, when the leader, also a writer and doctor, was assassinated in Malta by Mossadthe Israeli foreign intelligence service.
Considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States and the European Union, Islamic Jihad has claimed responsibility for several suicide attacks against Israelis, especially during the Second Intifada (Palestinian uprising, 2000-2005).
In 1989, he carried out a suicide attack on a bus traveling Tel Aviv-Jerusalem in which 16 people died.
Many leaders of the organization are currently in Damascus, Syria.
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Islamic Jihad opposes any negotiations with Israel and rejects agreements Oslosigned by the Palestinian Authority and Israel in 1993.
Although the organization generally coordinates its operations with Hamasthe current escalation shows its autonomy of action.
Hamas has not fired rockets against israel since the start of the climb on Friday, just like in 2019, when the Islamic Jihad and Israel exchanged fire for several days after the death of an Islamic group commander in an Israeli operation, Baha Abu Al Ata.
That was the head of the organization in the north of Loop. His successor in office, Taysir Al Jabariwas killed on Friday in an Israeli attack.