According to studies, 38% of people with allergic rhinitis also have asthma, while 85% of people with asthma also have nasal symptoms. So, it has been shown that asthma and airway allergies are coincident and often occur at the same time.
Upper airway allergic reaction can present as allergic rhinitis and rhinosinusitis. In addition, it can cause sneezing, runny nose, nasal itching, nasal obstruction, and coughing.
Instead, the allergic reaction in the lower airways presents as asthma. It usually causes shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, phlegm, and other respiratory symptoms. Wheezing is when a shrill sound occurs during breathing and occurs when the airway is narrowed by inflammation and mucous secretion, causing the airway to be affected.
The presence of allergies in the upper airway can worsen asthma if not given appropriate treatment. Treating symptoms, both in the upper and lower airways, helps control asthma and allergies.
Allergy can be caused by many causes. It can be due to allergens, which are common substances that cause allergies, or it can be due to other symptom triggers that are present in the environment (such as dust mites, pollen, fungi, tobacco smoke, viral infections, environmental pollution, cold, stress). among many other factors).
It is important to consult a professional to understand allergies or asthma, as both asthma and allergic rhinitis can affect quality of life. Many aspects of life are affected, such as healthy sleep, ability to concentrate, social life, sports, even school or work performance. The allergist will be able to learn about appropriate treatment options for your condition, so you will be able to breathe better, with the consequent benefit in your quality of life.