Workers, nurses or entertainment workers, tens of thousands of American workers, tired by long hours of work during the pandemic and frustrated by the profits of their employers, launched strike movements this fall.
If they do not reach an agreement with Hollywood studios on the adoption of a new collective agreement, the 60,000 members of the IATSE union, which represents film crews in the country, are scheduled to walk out on Monday.
Some 31,000 employees of the Kaiser Permanente health group in the western United States are also threatening to cease work shortly.
Since Thursday, 10,000 employees of the tractor manufacturer John Deere are already on strike; 1,400 at cereal maker Kellogg’s since Oct. 5, and over 2,000 employees at Mercy Hospital in Buffalo since Oct. 1.
Word “Striketober“, contraction of”strike“(strike) and October (October), appeared on social media. Democratic left-wing star Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez even put it on Twitter Thursday.
We sacrificed time with our families
During the pandemic, to make up for the many absent, “we sacrificed time with our families, we missed the children’s games, the dinners, to make sure that the cereal boxes were in the stores“said Dan Osborn, a mechanic with Kellogg’s for 18 years.
“And is that how we are rewarded? By asking us to make concessions even as the CEO and the big bosses give each other increases?“, he is offended. This president of the local section of the BCTGM union, feels cheated.
“We are not asking for salary increases“, he remarks. And the employees do not balk at long hours. But they oppose the generalization of a category of employees who do not have access to the same benefits and the elimination of the automatic adjustment. from wages to the cost of living, an important point at a time when inflation is high.
Strike “will last as long as it takes, it suffices to hold out one day longer than the business“he said.
The strikers “the majority claim an improvement in working conditions“, remarks Kate Bronfenbrenner, specialist in labor movements at Cornell University.
“Organizations are making more profits than ever and asking employees to work more than ever, sometimes risking their lives with the Covid“, she emphasizes.
But faced with employers refusing to compromise, the employees “are less inclined to accept collective agreements that do not meet their needs“, she remarks.
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It is difficult to know the exact number of strikes, as the US government only lists those involving more than 1,000 workers. But the trend has clearly been on the rise since the teacher movement in West Virginia in 2018, says Josh Murray, a sociology professor at Vanderbilt University.
Disappointed by the agreement negotiated by their union, the teachers decided to go on strike, obtaining satisfaction.
Then there was a phenomenon of contagion.
“The more strikes that get their way, the more that get started, as people start to really believe they can win and are willing to risk their wages or jobs.“, explique Josh Murray.
The strike at Kellogg’s follows that in July of 600 employees in Kansas at a factory of Frito-Lay aperitif cakes, a subsidiary of PepsiCo. They had stopped work for 19 days to obtain, among other things, the guarantee of one day off per week and increases. The thousand strikers of Nabisco snacks (a subsidiary of the giant Mondelez) obtained concessions in September after five weeks of conflict.
Another source of motivation, “during the pandemic, these workers realized that they were essential, that the economy could not function without them“, remarque Josh Murray.
Unions have also benefited in recent years from the rise of various social movements with which they have been able to partner, such as the hospitality trade union in Arizona, Unite Here, with migrant organizations.
“There will inevitably be a pendulum effect, companies will not let wage costs increase too much“, avance M. Murray.
But meanwhile, “economists and sociologists have shown that the tighter the labor market (as is currently the case in the United States), the more power workers have, the higher the probability of strikes.“.