The banks of the Paraguay River, in Ladário, indicate environmental situations experienced in the Pantanal (Photo: Reproduction/Diário Corumbaense)

Pantanal Biome, despite registering fewer fires than the historic year of 2020, still shows signs of degradation

The banks of the Paraguay River, in Ladário, indicate environmental situations experienced in the Pantanal (Photo: Reproduction/Diário Corumbaense)

The height of the Paraguay River, in Ladário, 419 kilometers from Campo Grande, reached a negative 56 centimeters on Monday (11), according to daily monitoring by the West Hydrography and Navigation Center, linked to the Armed Forces. This index is the third lowest in 110 years since the measurement began.

The information is from the newspaper Diário Corumbaense. In 1964, Rio registered the worst mark, when it reached -61 centimeters and in 1971, it measured -57.

According to the Geological Survey of Brazil, the current may reduce even further this week, approaching -59. If that happens, it will be the second worst mark in history. Also according to the agency, it is the third consecutive year that the Pantanal has not had the usual flood, a condition in which the water level exceeds four meters in Ladário. The last time was in 2018, when the river peaked at 5.35 meters.

According to a survey released in September this year by MapBiomas, the rainy season in the Pantanal has gone from six months to just two. In this way, the other half of the year – which of course is the drought – would be even more enhanced.

It is noteworthy that the fire outbreaks in the Mato Grosso do Sul biome, according to Inpe (National Institute for Space Research), have been smaller this year, compared to 2020, a period of records for environmental destruction in the biome. Still, this does not indicate that the situation is fully under control.

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