The use of clothing and sunglasses plays a key role during the most dangerous hours, between 11 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon in spring and summer.
Although skin care may seem like an adult phenomenon, especially a concern of women or mothers for their children, it is a care that we must pay attention to throughout our livesa, both those people with a history of dermatological diseases and those who do not. From a very young age, when we begin to live outside, our skin is in contact with the sun’s rays, therefore, in order not to suffer the long-term consequences, it is so important to pay attention to it from an early age.
“The consultations always intensify during the spring and summer, however, throughout the year we are exposed and for that reason what is recommended is one control per year for the entire population, and two or three annual controls for those people with some factor particular –Immunosuppressed patients, who have or had an oncological disease, or with a family history of cancer or some type of skin pathology “, explained the Dr. Gabriel Noriega, Head of the Dermatology Service of the British Hospital.
In dermatological controls, specialists check the entire body surface in search of moles or spots that may be suspicious or liable to be removed. “All the skin is checked, from the tips of the feet to the scalp. Even the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. We also recommend doing a self-exam from time to time, which is a control of the body itself to track if there have been changes in the moles. In these cases, the color, edge, size and shape of each mole are observed, and if a change is registered, a professional is called upon ”, the specialist clarified.
Sunscreen, the best solution
The skin has the ability to absorb ultraviolet radiation, and this accumulation has a harmful effect on health. As stated by the Dr. Noriega, “The absorption of these rays generates changes in the DNA, which predisposes people to develop carcinomas or different pathologies in the skin that put our well-being at risk”. As innocent as it may seem, sun exposure is cumulative, and the negative effects can have an impact in the future, many years after being exposed.
“The consequences range from superficial type A burns, such as erythema –which is when the skin becomes red-, to more damaging type B burns, which generates not only immediate damage but also later damage. The blisters, which appear in this type of burns, can become infected and cause permanent damage to the skin and body, as well as leave scars “, remarked the specialist of the British Hospital.
To prevent future damage and consequences
· Avoid direct exposure to the sun between eleven in the morning and four in the afternoon.
· Use sunscreen, applying it twice a day in case of not doing physical activity or submerging in water, and every two hours in case of doing this type of activity.
· Choose factor protectors between 30 and 50.
· Use physical means – clothing, hats or caps, sunglasses – to protect the body, especially in the most dangerous time range.
· Bear in mind that in higher regions, such as mountainous areas, radiation exposure is greater.
Self-tanning, good or bad?
“A frequent consultation that occurs throughout the year has to do with the self-tanner. Although it is very important to know that this product does not protect from the sun, it is a healthy way to acquire a color similar to that of a tan without being exposed to long sun baths, which are harmful to the skin ”, clarified the Dr. Noriega. In this sense, the specialist pointed out that “as long as the product is sold by a pharmacy and is approved by the health authorities, it can be used chronically without major complications or consequences for the skin ”.
This product is recommended for people over 16 or 17 years old, and can be used at any time of the year, taking into account that if the person is going to be exposed to the sun, they should not stop using sunscreen regardless of applying self-tanner.