One child in three in the world is malnourished and every 15 seconds one of them dies from lack of food, an increasingly pressing situation due to poverty, conflict, climate change and pandemic, which made it the most serious food emergency of the 21st century.
It was denounced by the latest Save the Children report released today on the occasion of an awareness campaign and fundraiser.
In the world 40 million people do not have the certainty of being able to access the necessary food every day. The situation is rapidly deteriorating in 16 countries in Africa, 4 in Central America and 3 in Asia.
There are 5.7 million children under the age of five who are at the limit of hunger, more than 50% in relation to 2019, the year in which, after a 30-year effort by humanitarian organizations and the international community , the number of people afflicted by lack of food reached its lowest level.
Since then, the trend has been reversed and, “if action is not taken immediately,” Save the Children warned, “thousands of children could lose their lives, frustrating decades of slow and difficult progress.”
The Covid-19 pandemic, in particular, “is acting as an accelerator of the existing fragility, exposing structural discriminations, inequalities and exclusions linked to poverty and gender. It is like an engine that turns backwards in a mechanism that it makes people, and children in particular, more vulnerable. “
“In September 2015,” the NGO recalled, “193 world leaders signed a commitment to reach 17 global goals for sustainable development. The second goal sought, by 2030, to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, promoting sustainable agriculture “.
“If it is not intervened decisively,” the report concluded, “the UN’s sustainable development goal to reach” Zero Hunger “in 2030 will always be further away.”
Save the Children’s campaign concerns 13 countries: Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Yemen, Syria, Afghanistan, Venezuela and India. Here the NGO supports health services, develops food safety programs for children and adults of reference.
(With information from ANSA).