This Thursday marks 208 years since the appointment of Liberator that was granted to Simón Bolívar, a man from Caracas who fought in the 19th century against Spanish colonialism in America, seeking to integrate the continent into a single nation. His great work was the creation of “Gran Colombia”, made up of Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela.
This is how they celebrate Bolívar’s entry into Caracas after defeating royalists
Bolívar was born in Caracas on July 24, 1783 under the name of Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Ponte y Palacios Blanco, which reflects the origin of a Catholic family with a long history.
The title of Liberator was awarded to him for being the leader of the first triumph of Venezuela’s independence, which served as an impetus to give freedom to six American nations. These achievements place him alongside Miguel Hidalgo (Mexico), José Bonifácio de Andrade (Brazil), José de San Martín (Argentina), among other heroes of the independence of America.
How was it awarded?
During the Admirable Campaign that began in Cúcuta-Colombia and ended on August 6, 1813 in Caracas, Bolívar liberated western Venezuela from Spanish colonialism.
The Municipality of Caracas in response to his deed, on October 14 of that year through the first governor of Venezuela, Cristóbal Mendoza, granted him the title of “Liberator” and named him “Captain General of the Armies of Venezuela.”
From a young age, Bolívar demonstrated outstanding skills in writing, a reality that travels all continents through his letters, manifestos and other writings translated into more than seven languages.
He was trained under the tutelage of great thinkers and teachers who stood out at the time for their intellect and contributions to education, among them, Simón Rodríguez and Andrés Bello.
Bolívar, consecrated in history as the Liberator of America, had the ability to organize an army of soldiers and officers of different nationalities, with the aim of putting an end to the European colonization process carried out in the region for more than 300 years. .
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela were the countries where the Bolivarian Revolution began with the determination of that young military man who gave his life to the fight for justice and sovereignty of an entire continent.
We invite you to know some of the features of Bolívar that made him worthy of the appointment of Liberator.
From a very young age, he demonstrated an analytical and critical awareness, which allowed him to detect the injustices in the political and social events that were experienced at the time under the Spanish empire.
At the age of 22 Bolívar was able to swear to his teacher Simón Rodríguez, while they were on the Monte Sacro located in Rome (Italy), that he would give his life for the liberation of the peoples of America.
“I swear before you, I swear by the God of my parents, I swear by them, I swear by my honor, and I swear by my country, that I will not give rest to my arm, nor rest to my soul, until I have broken the chains that oppress us by the will of the Spanish power! “
With an empathetic way of reading the events of the moment, where those of his personal life did not escape, Bolívar demonstrated his passion for everything that surrounds him, valuing the essence of those who accompanied him and even those who adversely affected him at the time of his pro-independence feats and victories.
This is clearly stated in the decree of War to Death, written on June 15, 1813 during the development of the Admirable Campaign, addressed to the Spaniards and Canaries to force them to give in to the independence of the American peoples.
“In spite of our just resentments against the wicked Spaniards, our magnanimous heart still deigns to open a way for them for the last time to conciliation and friendship; They are still invited to live among us peacefully, if, detesting their crimes and converting in good faith, they cooperate with us to destroy the intruding government of Spain … “
In the midst of the battles and vicissitudes that arose before Bolívar and his army, with the aim of making them faint at the idea of an independent America, the already proclaimed Liberator remained firm and determined.
He demonstrated it during the 78 days of the strategic battle of Boyacá for the liberation of Colombia, which gave way to the consecration of New Granada formed by Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador mainly and to which Panama would later have accession.
Even from the bed of his death, Simón Bolívar showed his most courageous features that assert a sensible intention for the emancipation of the peoples of Our America.
“My last votes are for the happiness of the Homeland. If my death contributes to the parties ending and the union being consolidated, I will go down to the grave in peace! ”.