Javiera Lopez Godoy

monkey pox

Learn about the main measures you can take to protect yourself from monkeypox and reduce the possibility of contagion.

monkey pox
© Getty Imagesmonkey pox

The Minsal reported this Thursday the first case of monkeypox in Chile. This is a young adult Metropolitan region, with a history of trip to Europewho presented spots and crusts on the skin, vehicular lesions, decay and swollen glands. At the moment, the person is in good health and without complications.

The main symptoms of the disease are fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, lack of energy, swollen lymph nodes, and rash or skin lesions. They usually last between two and four weeks., and go away on their own without treatment. However, in some people there may be medical complications. In this case newborns, children, and immunosuppressed people are most at risk.

How to prevent contagion?

Monkeypox can be contracted through close physical contact with someone who has symptoms. Rashes, body fluids, and scabs are particularly infectious.

Clothing, sheets, towels, or objects such as cutlery and dishes that have been contaminated with the virus from contact with an infected person can also infect other people. Likewise, it can be spread through saliva.

To prevent the spread of monkeypox it is recommended:

  • decrease the close contact with people who have symptoms or infected people.
  • Don’t touch the wounds or fluids of an infected person.
  • Do not share objects with an infected person.
  • If you live with an infected person, try to isolate yourself and cover any injuries on the skin.
  • wear mask if you are close to an infected person or with symptoms.
  • Handwashing frequently with soap and water.
  • Use sanitizer alcohol-based, especially after coming into contact with the infected person, their clothing, or other items or surfaces they have touched.
  • wash the riverpa, towels and sheets of the infected person and eating utensils with warm water and detergent.
  • clean and disinfect any surface contaminated.

What to do if I suspect being infected?

The Minsal recommends consulting the doctor in case of being a person who traveled abroad and has had close skin-to-skin contact, including sexual intercourse, and is: sudden onset of unexplained skin lesions with one or more symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, muscle or back pain, and malaise.

to detect the cases a PCR is performed. To do this, a sample of the skin lesions is taken: the roof or the liquid of the vesicles and pustules, and the dry crusts. Samples are stored in a dry, sterile tube and kept cold for later analysis.

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