Cataloged as one of the most significant and transcendental events in the history of the Aztec country, now we remember a little of what was said combat in 1862 and that today turns 159 years old. This Thursday May 5th one more anniversary than the remembered one is celebrated Battle of Puebla starring the Army and the invading forces of France.
As the history books dictate, the Battle of Puebla It was an armed confrontation led by Ignacio Zaragoza, then a general in the Mexican army, against the French armed forces under the command of Charles Ferdinand Latrille. Likewise, it should be noted that this conflict was part of the Second French Intervention in Mexico, which aimed to settle a debt with the local country.
The figure reached 80 million pesos, money that Mexico It had to pay England, Spain and France, but with the War of Reform it was almost impossible to comply due to the consequences that it brought to the country. It was for this reason that then President Benito Juárez was forced to suspend payment to the aforementioned nations, which caused them to send troops to Aztec soil.
However, at first things did not look so bad since the Treaties of La Soledad were signed after a series of diplomatic negotiations between the countries involved. He himself said that Mexico promised to make the corresponding payments, to which England and Spain decided to leave the territory, with the exception of France, which began to plan an armed intervention.
History of the Battle of Puebla
As mentioned above, Mexico The War of Reform between Liberals and Conservatives ended in 1861, in what was a civil conflict between antagonistic political groups. At that time, the country’s economic situation was delicate and unstable, since both sides had requested loans abroad in order to finance their respective proposals.
It was thus that by 1862, England, Spain and France began to ask for the borrowed money back, until an agreement was reached in which it was stipulated that these countries recognized the government of Benito Juárez as legitimate in the Mexican Republic and respect to national integrity and independence. However, a French military contingent did not see it the same way.
Under the command of Charles Ferdinand Latrille, Count of Lorencez, France had the objective of exercising territorial control in the American continent, to which Benito Juárez ordered the fortification of Puebla to protect Mexico City. And for this, he created the Army of the East under the charge of Ignacio Zaragoza and made up of approximately four thousand men.
In this army, it is also worth mentioning that many were indigenous and warriors of mixed descent without military experience, quite the opposite of the French forces, which had 8,800 soldiers and had not been defeated for almost 50 years. It was thus that Zaragoza began to plan his strategy against the French, who were supported by a Mexican conservative sector, commanded by Francisco Márquez.
The battle, which lasted just over five hours, resulted in a successful defense by the Mexican army who, despite adversity, managed to push back the experienced French army, which ended with 500 casualties. In this way, Mexico achieved one of its most memorable and celebrated victories in its history, against a France that could not against the “boldness, courage and patriotism” of the men from Zaragoza.