Truth Commission warns of slow implementation of Peace Accords in Colombia |  News

The president of the Truth Commission, Francisco De Roux, warned that the slowness in the implementation of the Peace Accords has triggered an escalation of violence, within the framework of the fifth anniversary of its signing between the Government and the then Armed Forces Revolutionaries of Colombia – People’s Army (FARC-EP).


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With the presence of the Secretary General of the United Nations, António Guterres, Father De Roux asserted this Wednesday that the lack of speed in the implementation also translates into territorial disputes and systematic assassinations of social leaders, “every month, from the day they made the laying down arms, we have had an average of five former combatants killed, “he warned.

“The absence of the State allowed the coca war and illegal mining to penetrate the territories left by the FARC-EP and for the anti-personnel mines to return to the beaches of the rivers, the destruction of nature with the deforestation of the Amazon” , questioned the president of the Truth Commission.

Faced with the position taken by the national government and some Colombian political leaders, De Roux pointed out that the peace process must be approached as an end for the transformation of society, “the discourse of peace was lowered (…) Today in the political campaign it is politically incorrect to speak of peace they do not mention it because peace does not give votes, “he added.

For his part, Guterres asserted that the Peace Accords are a benchmark in the world, “it generated hope and inspiration in Colombia and in the entire international community in a world marked by conflicts, many of them with no end in sight,” he added.

“The fifth anniversary is a testimony of the commitment of the parties but also of the State institutions and the vibrant Colombian civil society,” Guterres said.

Slow implementation of the Agreements

Since he was on a political campaign until his inauguration in 2018 as president, Iván Duque, together with his far-right political community, expressed their rejection of the Peace Agreement, alluding to an alleged “delivery of the country to terrorism,” a phrase highly encouraged by his colleagues, despite to that they are Government and they handle the majorities in the Colombian Congress.

The Executive’s apathy towards the Agreement is reflected in its implementation, the Communes Party (which emerged after the signing in 2016) has repeatedly urged Duque to comply with what was agreed by the State, especially point 1 that refers to the Rural Reform Comprehensive, this because it deals with the issue of land, an area that generates the social and armed conflict that Colombians have suffered for more than 50 years.

The Institute of Studies for Development and Peace (Indepaz) details that regarding the Comprehensive Rural Reform, only four percent have been implemented, while 68 percent is classified as a “minimal implementation.”

It should be noted that within the Comprehensive Rural Reform there are points such as the distribution of land, construction of roads and productive development for rural communities, as well as implementation of public services.

Another area that has unleashed the Colombian violence is the political one, which within the Peace Agreement is number two, in that aspect its minimum implementation reaches 43 percent.

Persecution and stigmatization

Indepaz points out that from 2016 to November of this year, 1,270 social leaders and 299 former combatants have been assassinated in Colombia, and a total of 179 massacres have been perpetrated from January 2020 to November 2021.

“Forced displacement has victimized more than 250,000 people with a serious impact in 50 municipalities (…) In contrast to the decrease in the murder of leaders in 2021, in the same areas there is a notable increase in the general homicide rate, which that indicates other dynamics of criminal violence “, explains Indepaz report.

Regarding the departments where there are more cases of murders against social leaders from 2016 to 2021, Indepaz offers the following list: Cauca with 300 murdered leaders, Antioquia with 164, Nariño with 126 and Valle del Cauca with 94 murdered leaders.

Likewise, Indepaz reports that during the government of Iván Duque 872 social leaders have been assassinated, of which 236 have been killed in Cauca, 107 in Antioquia, 85 in Nariño and 62 in the department of Valle del Cauca.

“Since the Peace Agreement was signed, in 883 cases of homicides they were part of peasant, indigenous, Afro-descendant, environmental, mining and community organizations,” Indepaz explains.

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