They can have different shapes, but just look at them to recognize them. They can be more elongated, round or curved, but it is easily possible to indicate that in the images in this article we see peppers. Loved by some, hated by others, these fruits entered Iberian culture and cuisine a long time ago. But who are they? It’s never too much to study them and that’s what a team with two Portuguese scientists and a Spanish one did for the peppers of the Iberian Peninsula.