Why are household products confiscated from citizens when entering the country?

Products from a personal garden, raw meat, eggs from their poultry house and other joys of life were on the forbidden lists at the border. Therefore, the mass judicial practice has become the punishment of citizens caught at the border crossing with a piece of bacon, a dozen eggs, a bunch of homemade sausages, a sack of potatoes and so on.

The EAEU Customs Code provides for such strict rules. According to it, any raw food is automatically smuggled. If it is found in the luggage of a citizen, it will be confiscated.

For example, Artem K. tried to carry 10.5 kg in his truck. potatoes. As the man told the customs officers, he took the potatoes at home on the territory of Ukraine. I took her for personal use. Alas, the customs officers stunned the man: according to the rules of the EAEU, the goods transported by him are subject to veterinary control. After all, he imports root crops not just to Russia, but to the territory of the economic union.

Let us remind you that Ukraine is not a member of the EAEU. Therefore, the potatoes were seized, and Artyom K. was brought to administrative responsibility for “non-declaration according to the established” form “of goods subject to customs declaration.

However, as the lawyers explain, if the man had declared potatoes, it would have changed little. Gifts from a private harvest would still be taken away. Unless they did not draw up a protocol under the Code of Administrative Offenses. They would be released in peace, but without the potatoes.

A citizen who tried to smuggle four kilograms of homemade bacon was punished for not having a declaration. But even with the declaration he would not have been allowed

For many, this comes as a surprise, but home products are not allowed to enter.

“With regard to goods that are subject to state control – environmental, veterinary, phytosanitary, simple declaration is not enough”, – emphasizes the honorary lawyer of Russia Nikita Filippov.

Edible goods must either be in their original packaging with all markings and compliance with the requirements on the label, or have additional documentation (certificate) that would confirm compliance with veterinary requirements – the so-called veterinary accompanying documents.

“However, these rules apply only to finished products. The import of raw products by individuals into the territory of the EAEU is prohibited without reference to the type of packaging,” the lawyer says.

In other words, if a person travels, say, from Armenia or Belarus to Russia, the customs rules of the EAEU do not apply, since this is a trip within an economic union. There are no complaints about homemade potatoes from Belarus. However, if pickles are transported from any other country that is not a member of the economic union, a brake light is automatically turned on at customs.

In practice, the courts are rather mild in their attitude towards violators: no fines are imposed, the case is limited to confiscation of food. Of course, non-harsh approaches are used only in cases where it is obvious that the person has no business interest. I took it for myself. Maybe he wanted to treat friends. It didn’t work out: I didn’t take into account the rules.

So, it was not possible to please Aleksandra S. with homemade lard. Customs found 4 kilograms of the finest lard in the cabin of his car. It is possible that even the stern inspectors salivated with sympathy for the person when they drew up the protocol. But the law is the law, the citizen continued his way without lard.

“From the materials of the case it is clear that S. was transporting goods, the cost of which, according to the calculation, amounted to 1,334 rubles 08 kopecks,” the court’s decision says.

According to the law, the fine can range from half to twice the value of the goods. Accordingly, a citizen could face a fine from about 670 rubles to 2668 with kopecks. But the court limited itself only to the confiscation of beauty.

The list of citizens who have experienced the bitterness of losses at the border can be continued indefinitely. Aleksey E. had 150 eggs taken from domestic hens. They confiscated 4.5 kilograms of rabbit meat and 2.2 kilograms of turkey meat from Oleg K. And so on, and that is sadder.

It is forbidden to import a suitcase with homemade goodies into Russia from countries outside the EAEU. Фото: Getty Images

“These measures seem to be necessary in order to prevent the spread of, for example, infectious diseases of livestock or poultry, or to prevent human consumption of products that can cause poisoning as a result of contamination of food with any type of infection,” says Nikita Filippov.

The rules are valid at the external borders of the EAEU. This means that if a person brings homemade food from Kazakhstan, it is easier for him. But if a citizen bought a kilogram of tomatoes somewhere in the “collective farm” market near Paris or carries strawberries straight from the garden from Poland, he has problems.

“Individuals have been banned from transporting raw products to the territory of the EAEU, so it is not possible for an individual to obtain a veterinary certificate. For finished products in factory packaging, obtaining a certificate is not required,” the lawyer explains.

Thus, if the treat is not from your own or a neighbor’s garden, but from an official store, then the customs will let you through. Naturally: in the permitted volumes. According to the lawyer, a citizen can smuggle up to 5 kilograms of finished products of animal origin in their original packaging across the EAEU border.

“Therefore, if you bring cheese bought on the market in Paris without factory packaging and labeling, it can be confiscated if the customs service finds it,” the lawyer emphasizes. they can be transported in regular packaging within the limits of weight standards determined for a particular mode of transport. “

Customs today are using modern forms of control, so it’s best not to try to hide something in your luggage. Scanners will surely find suspicious (and mouth-watering) places in your luggage: even in an ordinary suitcase, even in a car.

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