The war in Yemen, which lasts seven years, will have killed 377,000 people, victims of direct or indirect conflict, by the end of 2021, the UN said today in a report.
Nearly 60 percent of the deaths, or about 227,000 people, are due to the indirect effects of war, such as lack of drinking water, hunger and disease, according to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). This means, according to these estimates, that the fighting will cause the death of 150,000 people by the end of the year.
Seven years of war have had a “devastating effect on the development of the nation”, according to the PNUD, which adds that “access to health services is limited or non-existent” and that “the economy is on the verge of collapse”.
The majority of indirect victims are “children particularly vulnerable to malnutrition and malnutrition,” the PNUD said.
“In 2021, a child in Yemen under the age of 5 dies every nine minutes due to the conflict,” it said.
According to the PNUD, “1.3 million people” are threatened with death if a peace agreement is not reached by 2030.
“An increasing percentage of these deaths will occur… because of the indirect effects of the crisis on livelihoods, food prices and the deterioration of basic services such as health and education,” the report said.
The escalation of the fighting, including the pounding by tanks and the bombardment by aircraft and drones, have destroyed in some areas even the most basic infrastructure, he added.
Millions of people are on the brink of starvation and two-thirds of Yemenis are dependent on humanitarian aid, according to the UN.
“Yemen is the worst and biggest humanitarian disaster in the world and this disaster continues to worsen,” the UN said, adding that “more than 80% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance.”
Iranian-backed Houthi rebels are fighting in the conflict against Yemeni government forces backed by a Saudi-led military coalition since 2015.
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